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Microsoft WINDOWS 2000 SERVER

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Microsoft
Product name:
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WINDOWS 2000 SERVER
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C11-00162
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The operating system is the program that gets started first when you switch on your computer or server. All other applications depend on it for correct operation. Some examples of popular operating systems are Microsoft Windows, Mac OS and Linux.
Operating Systems
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Info modified on: 04 Apr 2019 03:56:05
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Long product name Microsoft WINDOWS 2000 SERVER :
The short editorial description of Microsoft WINDOWS 2000 SERVER

WINDOWS 2000 SERVER 2000 W BOOT DISKS NL (NMS)
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Microsoft WINDOWS 2000 SERVER:
The official marketing text of Microsoft WINDOWS 2000 SERVER as supplied by the manufacturer

Microsoft Windows 2000 Server is the easy way to Internet-enable your business. As businesses come to rely more and more on the Internet, they have the opportunity to grow, extend their networks to partners and customers, and consider new ways to bring their products and services to market. To take advantage of these opportunities, businesses need an infrastructure that can readily respond to market forces, delivers high reliability, efficient management, ease of use, and supports the latest advances in networking hardware. And to readily pursue these opportunities, businesses want to build on their existing investments in skills and systems.
-Internet-enable your business
Windows 2000 Server will enable organizations to readily pursue Internet-based solutions and opportunities. With comprehensive Web, security and communication technologies built-in, and the scalability and performance to handle the demands of Internet traffic, Windows 2000 Server delivers a unique, Internet-enabled platform on which to take advantage of the Business Internet.
-Reliable
Windows 2000 Server will enable organizations to minimize network interruptions to end-users. With system architecture improvements for higher server uptime, fault tolerant and redundant systems for increased availability, and online configuration and maintenance capabilities, Windows 2000 Server delivers you the confidence that your servers will be up and running, and your organization will be open for business.
-Manageable
Windows 2000 Server will increase efficiencies and productivity across your organization. With improvements that make the system easier to deploy, manage and use, powerful centralized administration enabled by the Active DirectoryT directory service, and a standards-based approach to interoperability with your existing systems, Windows 2000 Server will increase efficiencies of your IT staff, end users and systems.
-Best for new devices
Windows 2000 Server supports the latest advances in networking and peripheral hardware, including USB devices, high bandwidth and directory-enabled networking devices, to ensure the platform you build today takes advantage of the latest technology advances and supports your future investments.
-Integrated Web services enable users to easily host and manage Web sites to share information, create Web-based business applications, and extend file, print, media and communication services to the Web.
-Create applications that enable the Web server to exchange XML-formatted data with both Microsoft Internet Explorer and any server capable of parsing XML.
-Create applications that enable the Web server to exchange XML-formatted data with both Microsoft Internet Explorer and any server capable of parsing XML.
-With the Windows Distributed interNet Applications Architecture (Windows DNA 2000) - the application development model for the Windows platform - you can build secure, reliable, highly scalable solutions that ease the integration of heterogeneous systems and applications.
-COM+ builds on COM's integrated services and features, making it easier for developers to create and use software components in any language, using any tool.
-A component-based transaction processing system for developing, deploying, and managing high-performing, scalable, and robust enterprise, Internet, and Intranet and server applications.
-Allows creation of distributed, loosely-coupled applications that can run reliably on unreliable or intermittent networks.
-With integrated Windows Media Services, configure and manage high-quality digital media content across the Internet and intranets--delivering live and on-demand content to the maximum number of users
-Use Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) and Network News Transport Protocol (NNTP) Services to set up intranet mail and news services that work in conjunction with IIS.
-Developers can use a number of standard interfaces to write applications that utilize information stored in Active Directory about users, other application and devices. This enables rich, dynamic applications that are simpler to develop and easier to manage. All Active Directory functions are available through LDAP, ADSI and MAPI for extending and integrating with other applications, directories, and devices.
-Web Folders bring the richness of Windows to the web, by using Web Document Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) to enable drag and drop web publishing.
-Send print jobs across the Internet to a URL.
-Scale up by utilizing the latest 8-way SMP servers for more processing power. Windows 2000 Server delivers support for up to 4-way SMP servers.
-Take advantage of larger amounts of memory to improve performance and handle the most demanding applications, with support for up to 8 GB of RAM with Intel's Physical Address Extension (PAE). Windows 2000 Server delivers support for up to 4 GB of RAM.
-Scale out quickly and easily by distributing incoming IP traffic across a farm of load-balanced servers. Incrementally expand capacity by adding additional servers to the farm using NLB.
-Terminal Services takes advantage of the Network Load Balancing to offer additional built-in scalability when setting up farms of terminal servers.
-Active Directory uses multi-master replication to ensure high scalability and availability in distributed network configurations. "Multi-master" means that each directory replica in the network is a peer of all other replicas; changes can be made to any replica and will be reflected across all of them.
-Run Windows-based applications on the server, and access from a remote PC, Windows-based Terminal or non-Windows device, over LANs, WANs or low-bandwidth connections, through terminal emulation software. In Windows 2000, Terminal Services are up to 20% more scalable and have dramatically improved performance for both high and low-bandwidth connections
-More scalable Active Server Page (ASP) processing, improved ASP flow control, and ASP Fast Path for scriptless ASP files enable faster Web page processing
-Internet Information Services (IIS5.0) allows you to host more web sites per server with high performance.
-Limit the amount of CPU time a Web application or site can use to ensure that processor time, and therefore better performance, is available to other Web sites or to non-Web applications.
-With support for up to 1 GB networks, Windows 2000 Server delivers high performance processing on high performance networks. Increased throughput increases performance without having to increase network bandwidth.
-Build secure Intranet, Extranet and Internet sites using the latest standards, including: 56-bit and 128-bit SSL/TLS, IPSec, Server Gated Cryptography; Digest Authentication, Kerberos v5 authentication, and Fortezza.
-Active Directory integration with the underlying security infrastructure provides a focal point of security management of users, computers and devices making Windows 2000 easier to manage.
-Full support for Kerberos version 5 protocol provides fast, single sign-on to Windows resources, as well as other environments that support this protocol.
-The Certificate Server is a critical part of a public key infrastructure that allows customers to issue their own x.509 certificates to their users for PKI functionality such as certificate-based authentication, IPSEC, secure email, etc. Integration with Active Directory simplifies user enrollment.
-Provides Windows-based applications access to cryptographic functions, public keys, credential management and certificate validation functions.
-Supports logon via Smartcards "out-of-the-box" for strong authentication to sensitive resources.
-Increase security of data on the hard disk by encrypting it. This data remains encrypted even when backed up or archived.
-End-to-end encrypted communications across your company network using the IPSec standard. Great for protecting sensitive internal communications from intentional or accidental viewing. Active Directory provides central policy control for its use to make it deployable.
-Extensible network address translation services empower simpler network setup, improved network security, and increased scalability of an available pool network address
-Connects remote workers, telecommuters, and branch offices to the corporate network through dial-up, leased line and Internet links.
-A full-featured gateway that encrypts communications to securely connect remote users and satellite offices over the Internet. Now with an updated PPTP support and advanced security with Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol encrypted by IPSec.
-Simple "Make New Connection" Wizard enables small and growing organizations to quickly set up an efficient network with secure Internet access.
-Support for packet data telephony, Internet web site integration, and complementary client software services, provides a platform for enhanced communications and Internet commerce. Now integrated with Quality of Service to let you control how this service is used in your network.
-With support for Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) and 1Gigabit Networks, Windows 2000 Server will deliver high performance on even the fastest networks
-Helps prevent errant code from interfering with system operations.
-Prevents new software installations from replacing essential system files.
-Identifies device drivers that have passed the Windows Hardware Quality Labs test and warns users if they are about to install an uncertified driver.
-Kernel-Mode tools help developers write and test kernel-mode code to ensure high code quality and high system reliability once that code is installed. User-Mode tools help developers find memory access errors when they are working on non-kernel-mode code.
-Application protection keeps web applications running separately from the web server itself, preventing an application from crashing the web server.
-Reduce downtime and damage of viruses and malicious code by using WinVerifyTrust and Authenticode signed executables.
-2-node Cluster service supports fail-over, caused by hardware or software failure, of critical applications, including databases, knowledge management, ERP, and file & print services.
-On Web or Terminal Services server farms, re-distribute workload among remaining servers in the event of a server hardware or software failure in less than 10 seconds.
-The Job Object API, with its ability to setup processor affinity, establish time limits, control process priorities, and limit memory utilization for a group of related processes, allows an application to manage and control dependent system resources. This additional level of control means the Job Object API can prevent an application from negatively impacting overall system scalability.
-Applications certified to run on Windows 2000 Server are tested by Microsoft to ensure high quality and reliability.
-Protects DLLs installed by applications from conflicts that can cause application failure.
-Active Directory uses multi-master replication to ensure high scalability and availability in distributed network configurations. "Multi-master" means that each directory replica in the network is a peer of all other replicas; changes can be made to any replica and will be reflected across all of them.
-Help ensure network access even if primary DHCP services become unavailable.
-Build a single, hierarchical view of multiple file servers and file server shares on a network. Dfs makes files easier for users to locate, and increases availability by maintaining multiple file copies across distributed servers.
-Replicate data on file shares and automatically maintain synchronization between the copies. FRS increases the performance and availability of the Distributed File System.
-Set quotas on disk space usage per user and per volume to provide increased availability of disk space and help capacity planning efforts.
-Automatically migrate data that hasn't been recently accessed to less expensive storage media, maximizing disk space for the most heavily accessed data on the disk.
-Using Cluster service and NLB, avoid downtime caused by planned maintenance or upgrades using rolling upgrades. Migrate your applications or IP workload to one node, upgrading the first node, and then migrating them back. You can roll out hardware, software, and even operating systems upgrades without taking the application offline. Both Windows Clustering technologies are backwards compatible with their Windows NT Server 4.0 predecessors
-Automatically detect and recognize newly installed components, simplifying network system configuration and reducing service down time.
-Built-in software RAID options enable greater data redundancy such that if any single drive in an array fails, no data loss occurs and access to data is not interrupted.
-Add new volumes, extend existing volumes, break or add a mirror, or repair a RAID 5 array, while the server is online, without impacting the end-user.
-Over time, fragmentation can have a severe impact on the performance of a busy file or web server. These tools increase disks availability and performance.
-Improve system recovery by booting the system from a CD to repair or replace core system files that are preventing the system from booting.
-Booting in Safe Mode allows users to troubleshoot the system during start up by changing the default settings or removing a newly installed driver that is causing a problem.
-In the event of a disk failure, the file system can quickly undo or redo transactions as appropriate to recover data, and return to a known functioning state.
-Backup and recovery features make it easier to backup data and then recover data in the event of a hard disk failure. Windows 2000 allows back up to a single file on a hard disk and tape media.
-Configure services across the operating system to restart automatically if they fail.
-Quickly stop and reliably restart Web services without rebooting the computer. IIS can automatically restart even if a misbehaving web application does cause a failure.
-Crash dumps allow faster reboots for systems with large amounts of physical memory.
-Stop all processes related to an errant process or application without rebooting the system.
-Cluster service for Windows 2000 uses the Active Directory service to publish information about clusters. Integration with the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) makes setup easy and allows administrators to monitor visually the status of all resources in the cluster.
-Quickly configure clusters with the improved and streamlined Cluster service setup wizard. Perform remote installations using SysPrep support for Cluster service.
-NLB is now an integrated part of the Windows 2000 Advanced Server networking stack, allowing rapid configuration without the need for separate installation or system reboots.
-Automatically set up file, print, Web, communications, networking, Active Directory and DNS services with the Configure Your Server Wizard.
-Save deployment time by using Sysprep to create an image of a computer's hard drive, including the operating system and applications, that you can then duplicate onto other computers.
-Windows Installer monitors application installations and cleanly performs uninstall/removal tasks.
-Automatically detect and recognize newly installed components, simplifying network system configuration and reducing service down time.
-Simplify operating system updates by marinating one master image of the operating system on the network.
-The Active Directory integrated, Internet standards-based Domain Name System (DNS) service simplifies object naming and location through Internet protocols, and improves scalability, performance and interoperability. Systems that receive addresses from a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server are automatically registered in DNS. Replication options with legacy DNS systems and through Active Directory can simplify and strengthen name replication infrastructure.
-A no-knowledge network setup capability by configuring IP addresses automatically.
-These wizard-driven tools let administrators centrally configure and deploy customized remote access dialers that can integrate automatic-update phonebooks, custom connect actions (like firewall authentication and client virus inspection), driver updates and more.
-A step-by-step guide to making common connections like dial-up to an ISP or private network, connecting to a private network over the Internet, receive incoming connections to a private network (direct-dial or VPN), and connecting to another computer.
-Enables multiple users within small business or workgroups to share a single external Internet connection, making connection to the Internet easier.
-Easily search for other multimedia (i.e. video conferencing) users on a WAN.
-Prioritize network application traffic flows for greater network efficiency, availability, and improved performance.
-Allows users to print, cut, copy and paste data from an application running on Windows 2000 Terminal Server to a local printer or application.
-Enhancements in Windows 2000 ensure better color accuracy, consistency, and color mappings for printers.
-Publish printers in the Active Directory service, enabling users to locate and connect to printers based on criteria such as location, ability to print color, or speed.
-Search for content easily by creating indexes of the contents and properties of documents on your local hard drive and on shared network drives
-Run Cluster Administrator from any Windows NT or Windows 2000 system to remotely control multiple clusters from a single location
-Use NLB's scriptable command line interface and encrypted control password to issue commands to multiple NLB server farms from a single Windows 2000 Professional or Windows NT Workstation client machine.
-Windows 2000 introduces the Active Directory service, a scalable, standard-compliant directory service that makes Windows 2000 easier to manage, more secure, and more interoperable with existing investments. Active Directory Services centrally manage Windows users, clients, and servers through a single consistent management interface, reducing redundancy and maintenance costs
-Active Directory is implemented as a high-performance, native LDAP service that ensures interoperability in extranet environments and is ideal for supporting E-commerce applications.
-Group policy allows central management of collections of users, computers, applications, and network resources instead of managing entities on a one-by-one basis. Integration with Active Directory delivers more granular and flexible control.
-Active Directory enables administrators to delegate a selected set of administrative privileges to appropriate individuals within the organization to distribute the management and improve accuracy of administration. Delegation also helps companies reduce the number of domains they need to support a large organization with multiple geographical locations.
-Safely enable Terminal Services for remote administration purposes. Up to two concurrent sessions are supported, with no impact on performance or application compatibility.
-Integrated with Active Directory, the automated software distribution capabilities of IntelliMirror management technology enable administrators automatically distribute applications to users running Windows 2000 Professional based on their role in the company. For example, all accountants can automatically receive spreadsheet software.
-Use the Run As command to eliminate the security risks of leaving workstations logged-in as administrator.
-Administer the server and automate tasks via the command line instead of graphical user interface tools with scripts.
-Reduce costs associated with security configuration and analysis of Windows-based networks. In Windows 2000, use Group Policy to set and periodically update security configurations of computers.
-Unify and simplify system management tasks through a central, customizable console that allows control, monitoring, and administration of widespread network resources. All management functions in Windows 2000 are available through the MMC.
-Schedule any script, program, or document to be invoked at any time or any interval, and on events such as system boot, user logon, or system idle.
-A uniform model through which management data from any source can be managed in a standard way. WMI provides this for software, such as applications, while WMI extensions for the Windows Driver Model (WDM) provide this for hardware or hardware device drivers. WMI in Windows 2000 enables management of even more functions.
-Centrally manage Domain wide-PKI policies. Specify which Certificate Authorities a client will trust, distribute new root certificates, adjust IPSEC policy or determine if a user will be required to use smart cards to long onto a particular system.
-RADIUS authentication, authorization and accounting enable centralized management of network access policies, and improve capacity planning and accounting of network costs. Now with enriched policy management to let you control who can access what, when and how.
-Manage individual and group system policies, providing more efficient, central, scalable management of network devices, computers, clients and network application services.
-Allows administrators to provide remote help desk support by viewing or taking control of a users session. This feature can also be enabled to allow users to provide peer-to-peer support.
-Greatly reduce the number of trust relationships required to manage users and resources between Windows domains.
-Simplify the upgrade process to a Windows 2000 domain.
-Meta directory technologies enable companies to use Active Directory to manage identity information stored in heterogeneous directory services.
-Maintain and synchronize data between Active Directory and Microsoft Exchange and Novell NDS directories.
-Supports Windows NT Workstation, Windows 9x, Windows 3.x, Macintosh, and Unix operating systems. TCP/IP Appleshare support improves resource sharing for the Macintosh operating system.
-Applications & Directory interoperability Compatible applications. Windows 2000 Compatible applications will install and upgrade onto the Windows 2000 operating system. Active Directory can interoperate or synchronize date with other directory services using Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP), Meta directory technologies, Microsoft Directory Service Synchronization, or Active Directory Connector.
-Message Queuing enables the exchange of information between applications running on mainframe platforms. Kerberos authentication protocol support enables interoperability with other systems using this industry standard authentication protocol. Services for NetWare is an add-on product that increases interoperability with NetWare servers and clients with Windows servers and clients. Services for Unix is an add-on product that makes it easier to integrate Windows NT 4.0 and Windows 2000 into a UNIX environment.
-Windows 2000 Server works with networking devices that support the latest networking technologies, including Plug and Play, DSL, VPN, routing, NAT, DHCP, Quality of Services switches and routers, Directory-Enabled Networking devices, IPSec, SSL, and Asynchronous Transfer Mode.
-Windows 2000 Server works with the newest peripherals such as USB printers, network adapters, keyboards and mice. It delivers advanced printer driver support, as well as support for 1394, PCMCIA, infra-red and digital devices.

Short summary description Microsoft WINDOWS 2000 SERVER:
This short summary of the Microsoft WINDOWS 2000 SERVER data-sheet is auto-generated and uses the product title and the first six key specs.

Microsoft WINDOWS 2000 SERVER, 133 MHz or higher Pentium-compatible Central Processing Unit (CPU)Windows 2000 Server supports up..., MS Windows Svr 2000

Long summary description Microsoft WINDOWS 2000 SERVER:
This is an auto-generated long summary of Microsoft WINDOWS 2000 SERVER based on the first three specs of the first five spec groups.

Microsoft WINDOWS 2000 SERVER. Minimum processor: 133 MHz or higher Pentium-compatible Central Processing Unit (CPU)Windows 2000 Server supports up..., Compatible operating systems: MS Windows Svr 2000

Other features
Minimum processor
133 MHz or higher Pentium-compatible Central Processing Unit (CPU)Windows 2000 Server supports up to four CPUs on one machine.)
Other features
Compatible operating systems
MS Windows Svr 2000